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Abidjan Former capital of the Ivory Coast, situated on Ebrié Lagoon, inland from the Gulf of Guinea. A chief port and commercial centre, Abidjan was founded by French colonists at the end of the 19th century. Although it lost capital status to Yamoussoukro in 1983, Abidjan remains a cultural and economic centre. Industries: textiles, sawmilling. Pop. (1995) 2,800,000.