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Rif

RIF

Moroccan mountain chain.

Contiguous with the Jibala massif at the western end, the Rif mountains run along the Mediterranean coast of Morocco for a distance of nearly 200 miles (300 km) but are nowhere more than 50 miles (80 km) wide. Some peaks rise to a height of 6,600 feet (2,000 m). Heavily wooded until clearance began in the seventeenth century, the region now suffers from environmental degradation and drought, and its largely Berber-speaking inhabitants have a history of labor migration.


Bibliography


McNeill, J. R. The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Mikesell, Marvin. Northern Morocco: A Cultural Geography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

c. r. pennell

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Rif

Rif (rĬf) or Rif Atlas, range of the Atlas Mts., NE Morocco, NW Africa, curving along the Mediterranean coast from Ceuta to Melilla. Tidighin (8,056 ft/2,455 m) is the highest peak. Composed of sedimentary rocks and uplifted during the Alpine orogeny, the range is a continuation of the Sierra Nevada of Spain and is separated from it by the Strait of Gibraltar. Iron mining is the principal economic activity; kif (cannabis) is grown. The region is inhabited by Berbers, who generally were independent of any central authority until subdued (1925–26) by the campaign of France and Spain against Abd el-Krim.

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Rif

Rif (acronym): see ALFASI.

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RIF

RIF Military reduction in force
• Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

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