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Moroccan mountain chain.

Contiguous with the Jibala massif at the western end, the Rif mountains run along the Mediterranean coast of Morocco for a distance of nearly 200 miles (300 km) but are nowhere more than 50 miles (80 km) wide. Some peaks rise to a height of 6,600 feet (2,000 m). Heavily wooded until clearance began in the seventeenth century, the region now suffers from environmental degradation and drought, and its largely Berber-speaking inhabitants have a history of labor migration.


McNeill, J. R. The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Mikesell, Marvin. Northern Morocco: A Cultural Geography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

c. r. pennell

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Rif (acronym): see ALFASI.

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RIF Military reduction in force
• Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

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