Riffaterre, Michael 1924-2006
Riffaterre, Michael 1924-2006
(Michel Camille Riffaterre)
OBITUARY NOTICE— See index for CA sketch: Born November 20, 1924, in Bourganeuf, France; died of complications from Alzheimer's disease, May 27, 2006, in New York, NY. Critic, educator, and author. Riffaterre was a leading authority on semiotics, as well as an expert on French structuralist theory in literature. As a young man in France during World War II, he fought with the French Resistance and the French Army. With the war over, he studied at the Universities of Lyons and Paris, and earned a master's degree at the Sorbonne. He next moved to the United States, where he changed his first name from Michel to Michael, to study at Columbia University. After completing his doctorate in 1955, he joined the faculty there and would remain a professor at Columbia until retiring as professor emeritus in 2004. As a scholar, Riffaterre was fascinated by the meaning and interpretation of symbols in literature, and he believed that what mattered more than understanding the background of the author or the context in which a work was written was how the audience interpreted the writing independently of extraneous concerns. The general editor of the journal Romantic Review from 1971 to 2000, Riffaterre was the author of several texts on criticism and semiotics, including Semiotics of Poetry (1978) and Fictional Truth (1990).
OBITUARIES AND OTHER SOURCES:
New York Times, June 5, 2006, p. A21.
"Riffaterre, Michael 1924-2006." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/riffaterre-michael-1924-2006
"Riffaterre, Michael 1924-2006." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/riffaterre-michael-1924-2006
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.