Rieu, André

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André Rieu

Violin, conductor

Began Encouraging Audience Participation

Found Commercial Success

Concert-goers Extraordinaire

Selected discography

Sources

A versatile violinist and spirited conductor, André Rieu capitalized on his classical music training and natural charisma to successfully recreate the uplifting atmosphere of the nineteenth- century Viennese dance halls for twentieth-century audiences worldwide. Rieus unique classical style evolved around the notion that the audience must be involved in order to appreciate the music. Although the inspiration for his innovative musical presentations reached back over 100 years, his style was frequently categorized as crossover music because it combined the revered scores of the classical composers with a more informal performance atmosphere characteristic of popular music.

Rieu was born in Maastricht, Holland. His father conducted the Limburg Symphony Orchestra of Holland and the Leipzig Opera. Classical music permeated the Rieu household, and the Rieu children were well versed in the works of the great composers. André Rieu and his numerous siblings were heavily involved in musical training. Each displayed some talent and learned to play an instrument. Rieu himself developed into an accomplished violinist. As his understanding and appreciation of music grew, he developed a special fondness for the rhythms of the great Viennese waltzes. The waltzes, he maintained, stirred his emotions and created euphoria, so it was natural that he would devote his career to that style of music.

Rieu attended the Royal Conservatory in Brussels. After graduation he played in various Dutch symphony orchestras, including a term with the classical Limburg Symphony. Despite his appreciation and love for classical music, he grew increasingly disenchanted by the orchestral environment so familiar to his upbringing. He developed a dislike for the stiff and formal format that created a chasm between the performers and the audience. Rieus frustration over the classical music format inspired him to assemble an orchestra of his own choosing and to seek his own method of presentation.

Began Encouraging Audience Participation

During the late 1980s, Rieu recorded with a variety of instrumental groups of his own selection, among them the Maastricht Salon Orchestra. During those early years he engrossed himself in conducting music and playing his violin. He was shy on stage and conversed rarely with the audience. As a result his performances took the traditional bent that he disliked so much, yet Rieu continued his efforts to remove the emotional distance that alienated the audience from the music and from the musicians. In search of a resolution, Rieu turned to the tradition of Johann Strauss II who is

For the Record

Born c. 1950 in Maastricht, Holland; son of a symphony conductor; married with two sons; Education : Graduate of the Royal Conservatory, Brussels.

Violinist with Leipzig Symphony Orchestra and other Dutch orchestras; assembled and conducted private orchestras; toured Germany, 1994; signed with Mercury Holland, 1994; released Strauss & Co., 1994; From Holland with Love, 1996; toured U.S., 1997; released The Vienna I Love, Phillips, 1997; released The Christmas I Love, Phillips, 1997; André Rieu in Concert, Phillips, 1998; signed with PolyGram; released Romantique, 1998; released Romantic Moments, 1999; dubbed the New Waltz King for his emulation of Johann Strausss performing style.

Awards: Export Prize of the Gold and Silver Harps award, January 1998.

Addresses: Record company Polygram Records, Inc., 825 8th Ave. Fl. C2b, New York, NY 10019.

universally acknowledged as the King of the Waltz. Strauss, a violinist like Rieu, habitually performed facing his public; he created a festive atmosphere for his listeners, and encouraged them to dance and to enjoy each waltz. During a 1996 interview with Scott Simon for National Public Radio, Rieu called the waltz stehgeig, a slang term that describes when a piece of music is assimilated totally into the performance medium. Rieu restructured his own performances according to the Strauss prescription, and quickly met with success. He assembled a new group of Dutch local instrumentalists and dubbed the ensemble the Johann Strauss Orchestra. Together Rieu and the Johann Strauss Orchestra, which consisted of two to three dozen performing musicians at any given time, developed a classical repertoire that emphasized lively dance music, polkas, and waltzes. One particular performance, during the early 1990s, in Harlingen, Holland, made a lasting impression on a music executive who was in attendance, and by 1994 Rieu was under contract with Mercury Holland Records. [Rieus] concerts are incrediblehe faces the audience, and within a short while everyone is up out of their chairs waltzing, PolyGram Holland president Theo Roos told Billboard.

Mercury Holland wasted no time and released Strauss & Co., Rieus first album with the Strauss Orchestra, in September of 1994. Rieu made promotional appearances in Germany and developed a following very quickly. The CD entered the market as popular music and sold with ease, over half a million copies, including over 655, 000 in Holland alone. Additionally, 55, 000 copies sold in Belgium by June of 1995. For 19 weeks Strauss & Co. topped the Dutch album charts, and the record made a showing on the German charts. Strauss & Co. included tracks by Dmitri Shostakovich, Johann Strauss, Franz Lehar, and others. The album featured two singles that rose into the top ten ratings: Strausss No House but Strauss, and The Second Waltz of Shostakovich. Mercury ultimately released the album in South Africa, in the Philippines, and in Malaysia.

Found Commercial Success

In 1996, Rieu toured throughout Europe, to Germany, France, and Austria. He released a new album, From Holland with Love, that held strong at the number one position on the Dutch music charts for a solid year. A music video was released, and the CD went platinum eight times, prior to its American release later in 1996. Rieu also spent much of his time during that summer as a featured celebrity on PBS fund-raising specials. His album, From Holland with Love, was offered to viewers as an incentive for pledge donations, and the recording was among the most requested items during the pledge broadcast. Rieu donated his time once again for that same cause during March of 1997. From Holland with Love was released ultimately in overtwo dozen countries around the world and was among 96 albums to be certified as Platinum Europe recordings under a new program from Sony Music Entertainment Europe. Sonys platinum collection of million-selling albums were publicly acknowledged on June 27, 1996. Six months later, on January 28, 1997, The Vienna I Love was released on the Philips label. That album hit number three on the Billboard classical album chart, and a music video was also released. Rieu not only made a name for himself in the music world, but he also earned the gratitude of the European music industry which recognized and appreciated the impact of his popularity in spurring record sales in the European market.

In October of 1997, Time reported that Rieu had two albums on the Billboard classical music charts while another seemed likely to enter. The Vienna I Love, featuring waltzes, marches, and operatic airs, had climbed to number two while From Holland with Love held at number eight. As Strauss Gala remained poised to enter the charts, Terry Teachout of Time dubbed Rieu the superstar nobody knows. Indeed Rieus recordings rivaled those of the major classical stars for positions on the charts, including tenor Luciano Pavarotti and soprano Katherine Battle.

In the fall of 1997, Rieu released a Christmas album; creatively marketed in collaboration with the Dutch postal service which offered a free CD sampler from the album, as a premium with the purchase of Christmas stamps. Rieu and his orchestra also filmed a Christmas special that year, entitled André Rieu: The Christmas I Love, that aired on American public television in November of 1997. Rieus first official tour of North America during that same year took him to Detroit, Philadelphia, Washington, and a number of other cities, including a sold-out concert at Boston Symphony Hall.

In January of 1998, Rieu received the Gold and Silver Harps award Export Prize from Conamus, for sales and other achievements by Dutch artists. Four months later Billboard reported that worldwide sales of Rieus records exceeded 4.5 million. On December 17, 1998, a report of the year-end Billboard Music Charts from United Press International showed The Vienna Ilove at numbereight and In Concertat number ten among the years classical album releases, based on retail sales.

In the spring of 1998, Rieu and the Johann Strauss Orchestra made an encore tour of the United States. They played the Universal Amphitheater in Universal City, Concord Pavilion in the San Francisco Bay area, and other large capacity theaters. Rieus plans for 1999 included a June concert, scheduled for the Olympic Stadium in Munich, where he would perform with Michael Jackson, Pavarotti, and Montserrat Caballe, in a relief effort for Kosovo refugees.

Concert-goers Extraordinaire

Rieus live concerts attract a spectrum of fans, typically ranging in age from 16 to 65 years old. Members of the audience can be seen in any manner of attire, from formal black tie, to T-shirt and tennis shoes. Rieu himself dresses in tails and wears his hair long. The Johann Strauss Orchestra, also dressed elegantly, appearto enjoy every moment of each performance. Rieus warm demeanor habitually sets the audience to tapping its collective feet, if not dancing in the aisles outright. Rieu is not himself a dancer; he does not waltz and prefers it that way. Regardless he captured and held the interest of the mainstream public with his classical music repertoire, a feat accomplished by only a very few artists. Rieus phenomenal success is not an accident; he is considered an excellent conductor, a talented violinist, and a great showman. According to Joshua Kosman of the San Francisco Chronicle, Rieus performances are demanding and require hard work, to sustain the illusion of spontaneous fun. Critics concur that Rieus handsome face considerably enhances his talent and personal charm. Rieu in turn rejects any attempt to dissect his popularity. He attributes his success to the entire package of his performance and presentation.

Critical comparisons have likened Rieu to countless notable personalities but rarely become tiresome because of the extensive diversity. In a single breath the Boston Globe compared Rieu to singer Tom Jones, leading man Mel Gibson, swing band leader Spike Jones, fictional muscleman Conan the Barbarian, and the flamboyant pianist Liberace. The Los Angeles Times called Rieu the Pied Piper of light classical music. Comparisons with television band leader Lawrence Welk also apply. The tongue-in-cheek nicknames bestowed upon Rieu vary drastically, from waltzmeister to the schmaltz of waltz, while few refute the de facto appellation New Waltz King, an allusion to his predecessor, Johann Strauss II.

Rieu is married and has two sons. The family lives in Holland, and it is there that Rieu recruits local talent for membership in the Johann Strauss Orchestra. He takes a personal approach to selecting the musicianscongeniality is the utmost priority; virtuoso musical skills are a plus.

Selected discography

Singles

No House but Strauss, Mercury Holland, 1994.

The Second Waltz, Mercury Holland, 1994.

Albums

Strauss & Co., Mercury Holland, 1994.

StrauzGala, Multidisk, 1995.

In Concert, Mercury, 1996.

From Holland with Love, Mercury Holland, 1996.

The Vienna I Love, Phillips, 1997.

The Christmas I Love, 1997.

André Rieu in Concert, Philips, 1998.

Valses, PolyGram, 1998.

Live Gala Evening, Koch International, 1998.

On the Beautiful Blue Danube, Delta, 1998.

Emperor Waltz, Delta, 1998,

Tales from the Vienna Woods, Delia, 1998.

Great Waltzes, Delta, 1998.

Romantique, Philips/PolyGram, 1998.

Romantic Moments, PolyGram, 1999.

Sources

Periodicals

Billboard, June 10, 1995, pp. 46; June 16, 1995, p. 43; September 23, 1995, p. 66; May 18, 1996, p. 4; July 27, 1996, p.56; March 8, 1997, p. 15; May 30, 1998, p. 69.

Boston Globe, November 13, 1997.

Europe, September 1995, p. 42.

Los Angeles Times, May 1, 1998.

Orange County Register (Santa Ana, CA), April 28, 1998.

San Francisco Chronicle, April 30, 1998, p. E1.

Time, October 6, 1997, p. 101(2).

Online

A brief history of André Rieu and the Orchestra, available at http://www.pukkie.demon.nl/rieu/special.htm (March 19, 1999).

Additional information was taken from a National Public Radio interview with André Rieu on April 6, 1996.

Gloria Cooksey

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Rieu, André

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