jubilee

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ju·bi·lee / ˈjoōbəˌlē; ˌjoōbəˈlē/ • n. a special anniversary of an event, esp. one celebrating twenty-five or fifty years of a reign or activity: [as adj.] jubilee celebrations. ∎  Judaism (in Jewish history) a year of emancipation and restoration, celebrated every fifty years. ∎  (in full Jubilee Year) a period of remission from the penal consequences of sin, granted by the Roman Catholic Church under certain conditions for a year, usually at intervals of twenty-five years. • adj. (of desserts) flambé: cherries jubilee.

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jubilee (jōō´bĬlē), in the Bible, a year when alienated property and land were restored, slaves were manumitted, debts were forgiven, and a general sabbatical year was observed in agriculture. It occurred once every 50 years, at the end of a series of seven sabbatical years as prescribed by the Book of Leviticus. In the Roman Catholic Church, the name is applied to a holy year when special privileges are given for the pilgrimage to Rome. The first holy year was celebrated in 1300. The pope proclaimed (1343) that holy years would recur at 50-year intervals; in 1470, the interval was reduced to 25 years. Extraordinary jubilees celebrated the 50th anniversary of Pope Pius XI's ordination (1929) and the conclusion of the Second Vatican Council (1966).

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jubilee a special anniversary of an event, especially one celebrating twenty-five or fifty years of a reign or activity.

In Jewish history, a jubilee is a year of emancipation and restoration, kept every fifty years; in the Roman Catholic Church, it is a period of remission from the penal consequences of sin, granted by the Roman Catholic Church under certain conditions for a year, usually at intervals of twenty-five years.

Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Old French from late Latin jubilaeus (annus) ‘(year) of jubilee’, based on Hebrew yōḇēl, originally ‘ram's-horn trumpet’, with which the jubilee year was proclaimed.

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jubilee year of emancipation and restoration of the Jews, kept every 50 years (see Lev. 25); fiftieth anniversary. XIV. —(O)F. jubilé—ChrL. jūbilæus adj.—(with assim. to jūbilāre; see prec.) ChrGr. iōbēlaîlos, f. ióbēlos— Heb. yōbhēl jubilee, orig. ram, (hence) ram's horn, with which the jubilee year was proclaimed.

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Jubilee (Heb., yovel). Biblical law requiring the release of slaves and the restoration of family property every fifty years. The agricultural laws of the sabbatical year (i.e. the seventh year of seven) applied in the Jubilee year.