anoint

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a·noint / əˈnoint/ • v. [tr.] smear or rub with oil, typically as part of a religious ceremony: bodies were anointed after death for burial. ∎  (anoint something with) smear or rub something with (any other substance): Cuna Indians anoint the tips of their arrows with poison. ∎  ceremonially confer divine or holy office upon (a priest or monarch) by smearing or rubbing with oil. ∎ fig. nominate or choose (someone) as successor to or leading candidate for a position: he was anointed as the organizational candidate of the party. PHRASES: Anointing of the Sick (in the Roman Catholic Church) the sacramental anointing of the ill or infirm with blessed oil; unction.

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anoint ceremonially confer divine or holy office upon a priest or monarch by smearing or rubbing with oil; the word is recorded from Middle English, and comes ultimately (via French) from Latin inungere, from in- ‘upon’ + ungere ‘anoint, smear with oil’.
Anointing of the Sick (in the Roman Catholic Church) the sacramental anointing of the ill or infirm with blessed oil, unction.

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anoint XIV. f. †anoint anointed — OF. anoint, enoint, pp. of enoindre :- L. inungere, f. IN-1 + ungere anoint (cf. OINTMENT). The (Lord's) Anointed, the CHRIST. XVI.