oxford views updated Jun 08 2018
fir·ma·ment / ˈfərməmənt/ •
n. poetic/lit. the heavens or the sky, esp. when regarded as a tangible thing. ∎ fig. a sphere or world viewed as a collection of people: one of the great stars in the American golfing firmament.DERIVATIVES: fir·ma·men·tal / ˌfərməˈmentl/ adj.
oxford views updated Jun 11 2018
XIII. — (O)F. — L. firmāmentum
, f. firmāre
strengthen, f. firmus FIRM1
; see -MENT
. The L. word, meaning orig. ‘support, foundation’, was adopted in the Vulg., in imitation of LXX Gr. steréōma
make firm), as the rendering of Heb. rāḳīaʼ
vault of the sky, prob. lit. expanse, f. rāḳīaʼ
spread out, beat or tread out, (in Syriac) make firm or solid.