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Aphrodite in Greek mythology, the goddess of beauty, fertility, and sexual love. She is variously described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione, or as being born from the sea. Her cult was of Eastern origin, hence her identification with Astarte and Ishtar. Her Roman equivalent is Venus.

The name is Greek, and means literally ‘foam-born’, from aphros ‘foam’.

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Dione (mythology)

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