"Carlile, Richard." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carlile-richard
"Carlile, Richard." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved May 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carlile-richard
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Richard Carlile (kärlīl´), 1790–1843, English journalist, reformer, and freethinker. For his radical writings and efforts to secure the freedom of the press, he spent over nine years in prison. He republished suppressed works by Thomas Paine, William Hone, and others, brought out his own Political Litany (1817), and while he was imprisoned kept his weekly, the Republican, going (1819–26) with the help of his wife and sister.
See biography by G. A. Aldred (1923).
"Carlile, Richard." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carlile-richard
"Carlile, Richard." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carlile-richard