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Geikie, Sir Archibald

Sir Archibald Geikie (gē´kē), 1835–1924, British geologist, educated at the Univ. of Edinburgh. He joined the Geological Survey of Scotland, becoming its director in 1867. He was professor of geology at the Univ. of Edinburgh (1871–82) and director-general of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom (1882–1901). He was knighted in 1891. His numerous publications include Outlines of Field Geology (1876, 5th ed. 1896), Text-Book of Geology (1882, 4th ed., 2 vol., 1903), The Founders of Geology (1897, 2d ed. 1905), and Types of Scenery and Their Influence on Literature (1898, repr. 1970).

See his autobiography (1924).



His brother, James Geikie, 1839–1915, also a geologist, was a specialist in glacial geology. He wrote The Great Ice Age (1874, 3d ed. rev. 1894), Earth Sculpture (1898), and Structural and Field Geology (1905, 6th ed. 1953).

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Geikie, SirArchibald

Geikie, SirArchibald (1835–1924)Director of the British Geological Survey from 1881 to 1901, Geikie made studies of glacial and fluvial erosion, and attempted to calculate the age of the Earth from rates of denudation. This led to conflict with Lord Kelvin ( William Thomson, 1824–1907), then the most eminent of British physicists and a pioneer in the study of thermodynamics, who had calculated a much shorter age for the Earth, based on its rate of cooling from an originally hot state. Geikie was also one of the first historians of geology, stressing in his Founders of Geology (1897, 1905) the importance of the work of his fellow Scot James Hutton.

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