Robert Maillart

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Maillart, Robert (1872–1940). Swiss engineer who evolved designs for bridges using curved reinforced-concrete members. He also designed columns with mushroom-shaped tops to support floor-slabs which he used in the Giesshübel Warehouse, Zürich (1910). It is for his bridges that he will be remembered, notably the Rhine, Tavanasa (1905), Valtschielbach, Donath (1925), and Salginatobel, Schiers (1930), bridges, all in Switzerland.

Bibliography

Abel et al. (eds.) (1973);
Bill (1969);
Billington (1979, 1990, 1997);
G. Collins (1973a);
Morgan & and Naylor (1987)

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Robert Maillart (mīyär´), 1872–1940, Swiss engineer, renowned for his inventive and beautiful reinforced-concrete bridges. Maillart's basic structural principles—integration of the supporting arch, the stiffening wall, and the traffic platform into one cohesive unit—were applied as early as 1901 in a bridge at Zuoz, Switzerland. These ideas were further refined in Maillart's later works. The Schwandbach Bridge (1933) is constructed on a curving plan to facilitate traffic movement over a mountain gorge. Maillart was also an innovator in the development of reinforced-concrete beamless floor slab (mushroom-column) construction, which has been used in warehouses, factories, and other multistoried buildings.