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Foucauld, Charles, vicomte de

Charles Foucauld, vicomte de (shärl vēkôNt´ də fōōkō´), 1858–1916, French priest and missionary in the Sahara. After a career as an army officer and an explorer in Algeria and Morocco, he entered a Trappist monastery in 1890. In 1901 he was ordained and volunteered to go to the Sahara under the patronage of the White Fathers (the Society of Missionaries of Africa). In 1905 he went to Algeria and lived among the Tuareg. He settled near the small village of Tamanrasset, where he produced his studies of Tuareg language and literature. He was killed when the desert tribes revolted against France. Foucauld is revered for the sincerity of his vocation.

See his Spiritual Autobiography, ed. and annotated by J. F. Six (tr. 1964); biography by M. L. Trouncer (1972).

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De Foucauld, Charles Eugène

De Foucauld, Charles Eugène (1858–1916). Christian hermit. Brought to Roman Catholicism by Abbé Huvelin, he sought a life of poverty and solitude, finally as a hermit in the Sahara amongst the Muslim Tuaregs. He won their respect by his sympathy with their language and way of life, but was assassinated by one in 1916. His missionary ideal of prayerful presence, by way of commitment to a local circumstance, inspired the Little Brothers and the Little Sisters who follow a rule he composed, though in his lifetime no one joined him. See also PETITS FRÈRES.

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