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Onkelos. Translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic. Onkelos stays close to the Hebrew text, but its choice of words etc., shows that it is related to the Palestinian targum tradition with its incorporation of exegesis.

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Onkelos (ŏng´kəlōs), 2d cent. AD, translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, his work later being given the title Targum Onkelos (see Targum). A proselyte, he gained the respect of the leading Hebrew scholars of his day. His translation became almost as authoritative a text as the Pentateuch itself.