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Prayer Book

Prayer Book

Judaism



These are books containing the texts of daily and festival prayers. The book containing regular prayers is known as the Siddur. The earliest known Jewish prayer book is the 9th-cent. Seder Rav Amram Gaon. Other famous siddurim include the 10th-cent. Siddur Saʿadiah Gaon and the 11th-cent. Maḥzor Vitry compiled by Simḥah b. Samuel, a pupil of Rashi. The Ashkenazim use four types of prayer book: Ha-Maḥzor ha-Gadol (Kol Bo) containing all the yearly prayers, the Maḥzor which contains the prayers for each particular festival, the small Siddur for individual use, and the fuller Ha-Siddur ha-Shalem. The Sephardim use the Tefillat ha-Hadesh which contain daily and Sabbath prayers, Moʿadim which contain the prayers for the pilgrim festivals Rosh ha-Shanah containing New Year prayers, Kippur for the Day of Atonement, and Taʿaniyyot which has prayers for Av 9. The Ḥasidim and the Progressive movements have produced their own prayer books reflecting their own customs.

Christianity



See BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER; BREVIARY; MISSAL.

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Amram

Amram (ăm´răm), in the Bible. 1 Moses' father; ancestor of a Levitical family. 2 Edomite. 1 Chron. 1.41. Hemdan: Gen. 36.26. 3 Jew who had married a foreign wife.

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Prayer Book

Prayer Book. See Book of Common Prayer.

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