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Grove, (Sir) George

Grove, (Sir) George (b Clapham, 1820; d Sydenham, 1900). Eng. writer on music and teacher. Trained as civil engineer, constructing several railway stations and also taking part in building of Crystal Palace, of which he was secretary 1852–73. From 1856 became increasingly involved in mus., writing programme notes for Crystal Palace concerts for 40 years. Went with Sullivan to Vienna in 1867 on successful quest for missing items of Schubert's Rosamunde mus. and at the same time propounding the now disproved theory of a ‘lost’ Gastein sym. by Schubert. In 1873 began work on compilation of vast Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, pubd. in 4 vols. at intervals from 1879 to 1889. First dir. of RCM 1882–94. Also wrote Beethoven and his Nine Symphonies (1884). Among his other activities were building lighthouses in W Indies, founding Palestine Exploration fund, ed. biblical dictionary, primer of geography, and Macmillan's Magazine (1868–83). Knighted 1883.

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Grove, Sir George

Grove, Sir George (1820–1900). Civil engineer and writer on music. After embarking on a career building lighthouses in the West Indies, Grove became secretary to the Society of Arts (1850) and the Crystal Palace (1852), for whose concerts he wrote numerous programme notes. Interested in biblical studies, he co-founded the Palestine Exploration Fund and co-edited Smith's Dictionary of the Bible; he also wrote on many other subjects including geography and was editor of Macmillan's Magazine. He became the first director of the Royal College of Music in 1883. His Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1879–89), has remained the foremost English-language musical dictionary. Its most recent sixth edition, published in 20 volumes as The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1980), was rewritten under the editorship of Stanley Sadie. Grove also published Beethoven and his Nine Symphonies (1896).

Eric Cross

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Grove, Sir George

Sir George Grove, 1820–1900, English musicographer, whose Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1879–89) has become a standard reference work. Originally an engineer, he assisted in the establishment of the Crystal Palace in London and for many years annotated the programs of the concerts there. From these notes he later drew material for Beethoven and His Nine Symphonies (1896).

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