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Garden, Mary

Garden, Mary (b Aberdeen, 1874; d Inverurie, 1967). Amer. soprano of Scot. birth. Taken to USA as a child. Befriended by Amer. sop. Sibyl Sanderson who sent her to Carré, dir. of Opéra-Comique. Studied title-role of Charpentier's Louise and took over from the indisposed Marthe Rioton midway through a perf. in April 1900. Created role of Mélisande in Debussy's opera, 1902, at composer's request. Further successes followed in operas by Massenet, Saint-Saëns, Leroux, and Erlanger. CG 1902–3 (Juliette). After hearing her as Manon, Massenet wrote Chérubin (1905) for her. Joined Manhattan Opera, NY, 1907–10 (début in Amer. première of Thaïs) and later sang in f. Amer. p. of Pelléas et Mélisande, Feb. 1908. Chicago Opera from 1910, becoming dir. 1921–2 and remaining until 1931. Last operatic appearance, Opéra-Comique, Paris, 1934 in Alfano's Risurezzione. Taught at Chicago Mus. Coll. 1935 and acted as adviser on opera scenes in Hollywood films. Returned to Scotland 1939. With Louis Biancolli, wrote Mary Garden's Story (NY 1951).

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Garden, Mary

Mary Garden, 1874–1967, Scottish-American operatic soprano, b. Aberdeen, Scotland, studied in Paris. Her debut (1900) occurred when she replaced, without rehearsal, the star of Charpentier's Louise, at the Opéra-Comique, Paris. In 1902 she created the role of Mélisande in Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande. In the title role of Massenet's Thaïs she made her American debut (1907) with the Manhattan Opera Company, New York City, and was a member of the Chicago Opera Company from 1910 to 1931.

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