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Raff, (Joseph) Joachim

Raff, (Joseph) Joachim (b Lachen, Switz., 1822; d Frankfurt, 1882). Ger. composer. School-teacher who taught himself pf., vn., and comp. Orchestrated some of Liszt's works at Weimar. Espoused cause of ‘music of the future’. Pf. teacher, Wiesbaden, from 1856. Dir., Hoch Cons., Frankfurt, 1877–82. Taught Amer. composer MacDowell. Prolific and attractive composer whose mus. has enjoyed a modest revival after being almost forgotten except for celebrated Cavatina for vn. and pf. Comps. incl. 6 operas; oratorio; 11 syms., incl. No.3 Im Walde (In the Forest), No.5 Lenore, No.7 In den Alpen (In the Alps), No.9 Im Sommer (In Summer); pf. conc.; 2 vn. concs.; 2 vc. concs.; 9 str. qts.; 5 vn. sonatas; pf. quintet; octet; sectet; vc. sonata; songs, transcrs., etc.

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Raff, Joseph Joachim

Joseph Joachim Raff (yō´zĕf yō´äkhĬm räf), 1822–82, Swiss-German composer and pianist, largely self-taught. He was a friend and follower of Liszt, who produced his opera King Alfred at Weimar in 1851. A prolific composer, Raff achieved a position of eminence in Germany during his late years, but is chiefly remembered for the Lenore symphony (1872) and a few salon pieces.

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