Josef Suk

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Suk, Josef (b Křečovice, 1874; d Benešov, nr. Prague, 1935). Cz. composer and violinist. 2nd vn. in Bohemian Str. Qt. 1892–1933. Married Dvořák's daughter (d 1905). Prof. of comp., Prague Cons. 1922–35. Early works influenced by Dvořák, but later developed a more complex harmonic and polyphonic style, sometimes near to atonality. Works incl.:ORCH.: Serenade in E♭, str. (1892); sym. No.1 in E (1897–9), No.2 Asrael (1905–6); Pohádka (Fairy Tales), suite (1899–1900); Fantastic Scherzo (1903); Praga (Prague), sym.-poem (1904); Pohádka léta (A Summer's Tale) (1907–9); Zráni (Harvest Time), sym.-poem (1912–17); War Triptych, Op.35, No.1 Svatý Václave (Oh, St Wenceslas), Meditation on an old Bohemian Chorale (1914), No.2 Legend of the Dead Victors (1919), No.3 Sokol ceremonial march, V nový život (Towards a New Life, 1919–20); Fantasia in G minor, vn., orch. (1902).CHORAL: 10 Songs, women's ch. (1899); 4 Songs, male ch. (1900).VOICE(S) & PIANO/ORCH.: Chant d'Amour, v., pf. (1892); O matince (About Mother), 5 songs, v., pf. (1907); Životem a snem (Life and Dreams), v., pf. (1909); Epilogue, sop., bar., bass, ch., orch. (1920–9).CHAMBER MUSIC: 2 str. qts. (1896, 1911); pf. qt., pf. quintet, pf. trio; 4 Pieces, vn., pf.; Ballad, vn., pf.; Meditation on old Bohemian Chorale Op.35a (1914), arr. for str. qt. from orch. work.PIANO: Sonata (1883); 6 Pieces (1891–3); Spanish Joke (1909).

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Josef Suk (yô´zĕf sŏŏk), 1874–1935, Czech composer and violinist, grad. Prague Conservatory, 1891; pupil and son-in-law of Dvořák. While still at the Prague Conservatory, he and three of his fellow students founded the Czech Quartet, of which Suk was second violinist. Though his early works were influenced by Brahms and Dvořák, he developed in his later works a chromatic polyphony approaching atonality. His second symphony, Asrael (1907), expresses his grief at the deaths of Dvořák and of his wife, Dvořák's daughter. Suk joined the faculty of the Prague Conservatory in 1922 and later became its rector.

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Suk, Josef (b Prague, 1929). Cz. violinist, grandson of Josef Suk. Début Prague 1940. Played in Prague Nat. Th. orch. and in Prague Qt. 1951–2. Won Cz. State Prize 1964. Soloist in concs. with world's leading orchs. Salzburg début 1963. Amer. début and London début (Proms) 1964.