Skip to main content
Select Source:

Auber, Daniel (François Esprit)

Auber, Daniel (François Esprit) (b Caen, 1782; d Paris, 1871). Fr. composer. Pupil of Cherubini. In youth, in business in London; then prominent in Paris as composer of instr. mus., and later of operas in which he collab. with the dramatist Scribe. Wrote in all 49 operas, of which the best known are La Bergère châtelaine (1820), La Muette de Portici (Masaniello) (1828), Fra Diavolo (1830), Le Cheval de bronze (1835), Le Domino noir (1837), Les Diamants de la couronne (1841), and Manon Lescaut (1856). From 1842 to 1870 was head of Paris Cons. and in 1852 mus. dir. to Napoleon III.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Auber, Daniel (François Esprit)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Auber, Daniel (François Esprit)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

"Auber, Daniel (François Esprit)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit

Daniel-François-Esprit Auber (dänyĕl´ fräNswä´ ĕsprē´ ōbĕr´), 1782–1871, French operatic composer. His greatest successes resulted from his collaboration with the librettist Scribe. Their first success together was Le Maçon (1825), and among the long succession that followed were Fra Diavolo (1830), Le Domino noir (1837), and La Part du diable (1843), witty, tuneful, sophisticated works that were very popular in their time. La Muette de Portici (1828, also known as Masaniello) was the model of the French grand opera of the 1830s.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit (1782–1871) French composer. He studied under Cherubini and wrote more than 40 operas, often collaborating with the librettist Scribe. His operas include La Muette de Portici (or Masaniello) and Fra Diavolo. He is regarded as the founder of French grand opera.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/auber-daniel-francois-esprit

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit

Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit, notable French composer; b. Caen, Jan. 29, 1782; d. Paris, May 12, 1871. He was a pupil of Ignaz Anton Ladurner. His first work for the stage, L’erreur d’un moment (1805; rev. as Julie, 1811), attracted the notice of Cherubini, who became his mentor. Auber first gained success as a composer with his opéra-comique, La bergère châtelaine (Paris, Jan. 27, 1820). Shortly after, he met the librettist Scribe, with whom he collaborated on many works for the stage until Scribe’s death in 1861. Following the success of Auber’s Le maçon (Paris, May 3, 1825), a significant work in the development of the opéra-comique genre, he scored an enormous success with his La muette de Portici (Paris, Feb. 29, 1828), a work that launched a new era in French grand opera. The latter’s vivid portrayal of popular fury stirred French and Belgian audiences, leading to revolutionary disturbances following its premiere in Brussels (Aug. 25, 1830). Another fine success followed with his opéra- comique Fra Diavolo (Paris, Jan. 28, 1830), the only score by Auber which remains in the standard repertory. Among his later stage works, the opéras-comiques La part du diable (Paris, Jan. 16, 1843), Haydée (Paris, Dec. 28, 1847), and Manon Lescaut (Paris, Feb. 23, 1856) were influential in the development of the opéra-lyrique genre. From 1842 to 1870 he served as director of the Paris Cons. In 1825 he was named a member of the Légion d’honneur. He was elected to the Inst. of the Académie in 1829. In 1852 Napoleon III appointed him music director of the imperial chapel.

Works

DRAMATIC (all 1st perf. in Paris): L’erreur d’un moment (amateur perf., 1805; rev. as Julie, 1811); Jean de Couvin (Sept. 1812); Le séjour militaire (Feb. 27, 1813); Le testament et les billets-doux (Sept. 18, 1819); Le bergère châtelaine (Jan. 27, 1820); Emma, ou La promesse imprudente (July 7, 1821); Leicester, ou Le château de Kenilworth (Jan. 25, 1823); La neige, ou Le nouvel Éginard (Oct. 8, 1823); Vendôme en Espagne (Dec. 5, 1823; in collaboration with Hérold); Les trois genres (April 27, 1824; in collaboration with Boieldieu); Le concert à la cour, ou La débutante (June 3, 1824); Léocadie (Nov. 4, 1824); Le maçon (May 3, 1825); Le timide, ou Le nouveau séducteur (May 30, 1826); Fiorella (Nov. 28, 1826); La muette de Portici (Feb. 29, 1828); La fiancée (Jan. 10, 1829); Fra Diavolo, ou L’hôtellerie de Terracine (Jan. 28, 1830); Le dieu et la bayadère, ou La courtisane amourese (Oct. 13, 1830); Le philtre (June 20, 1831); La Marquise de Brinvilliers (Oct. 31, 1831; in collaboration with Batton, Berton, Blangini, Boieldieu, Carafa, Cherubini, Hérold, and Paër); Le serment, ou Les faux-monnayeurs (Oct. 1, 1832); Gustave III, ou Le bal masqué (Feb. 27, 1833); Lestocq, ou L’intrigue et l’amour (May 24, 1834); Le cheval debronze (March 23, 1835; rev. version, Sept. 21, 1857); Actéon Qan. 23, 1836); Les chaperons blancs (April 9, 1836); L’ambassadrice (Dec. 21, 1836); Le domino noir (Dec. 2, 1837); Le lac des fées (April 1, 1839); Zanetta, ou Jouer avec le feu (May 18, 1840); Les diamants de la couronne (March 6, 1841); Le Duc d’Olonne (Feb. 4, 1842); La part du diable (Jan. 16, 1843); La sirène (March 26, 1844); La barcarolle, ou L’amour et la musique (April 22, 1845); Les premiers pas (Nov. 15, 1847; in collaboration with Adam, Carafa, and Halévy); Haydée, ou Le secret (Dec. 28, 1847); L’enfant prodigue (Dec. 6, 1850); Zerline, ou La corbeille d’oranges (May 16, 1851); Marco Spada (Dec. 21, 1852); Jenny Bell Qune 2, 1855); Manon Lescaut (Feb. 23, 1856); La circassienne (Feb. 2, 1861); La fiancée du Roi de Garbe (Jan. 11, 1864); Le premier jour de bonheur (Feb. 15, 1868); Rêve d’amour (Dec. 20, 1869). OTHER: 4 cellos concertos (1 not extant); Violin Concerto; other orch. pieces; chamber music; numerous sacred and secular vocal pieces.

Bibliography

E. de Mirécourt, A. (Paris, 1857); B. Jouvin, A. (Paris, 1868); A. Pougin, A.: Ses commencements, les origines de sa carrière (Paris, 1873); J. Cariez, A. (Caen, 1875); A. Kohut, A. (Leipzig, 1895); C. Malherbe, A. (Paris, 1911); R. Longyear, D.F.E. A.: A Chapter in French Opéra Comique 1800-1870 (diss., Cornell Univ., 1957); W. Börner, Die Opern von D.F.E. A. (diss., Univ. of Leipzig, 1962);H. Schneider, Chronologische-thematisches Verzeichnis sämtlicher Werke von D.RE. A. (AWV), Band 1.1-2 (Frankfurt am Main, 1994).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/auber-daniel-francois-esprit-0

"Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/auber-daniel-francois-esprit-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.