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Crome, John

John Crome, 1768–1821, English landscape painter, b. Norwich. Crome was the principal painter of the Norwich school. He is often called Old Crome to distinguish him from his son who painted in the same manner but with less mastery. He was born into poverty but rose to the position of a provincial landscape painter, earning his living by giving drawing lessons and selling an occasional picture. Crome's work was influenced by Gainsborough and by the Dutch masters. His landscapes are notable for simplicity and serenity. Beautiful examples are to be seen in many British galleries and private collections. Mousehold Heath and Poringland Oak are in the National Gallery, London. The Metropolitan Museum has The Old Oak and Hautbois Common. Crome's etchings were published after his death under the title Norfolk Picturesque.

See studies by R. H. Mottram (1931) and D. and T. Clifford (1968).

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Crome, John

Crome, John (1768–1821). Landscape painter, born in Norwich where he spent almost all his life. The son of an innkeeper, Crome had little education and was apprenticed early to a coach- and sign-writer, spending his leisure sketching from nature. He supplemented his income by giving drawing lessons, and became the drawing master at the local grammar school in 1801. In 1803 he helped found the Norwich Society of Artists where he exhibited regularly and of which he became president in 1808. In the company of other British artists, he visited Paris in 1814, to see artworks acquired by Napoleon. Greatly influenced by the Dutch style, and the Romantic concept of landscape, Crome, together with Cotman, is considered the major artist of the Norwich School. He is well represented at Norwich Castle Museum and in the Tate and National Galleries, London.

June Cochrane

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