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Papen, Franz von

Papen, Franz von (1879–1969) German statesman, chancellor (1932). A member of the Catholic Centre Party, Papen resigned the chancellorship after only six months, and persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Adolf Hitler as his successor. He served (1933–34) as Hitler's vice-chancellor. As ambassador to Austria (1936–38), he pressed for Anschluss. In 1946, he was acquitted of war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials.

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Defregger, Franz von

Franz von Defregger (fränts fən dā´frĕgər), 1835–1921, Austrian genre and historical painter. He studied in Munich with Piloty. He is known for his popular pictures of Tyrolean life, which depend largely for their interest on their fine characterization and humor. Good examples are The Last Summons and Zither Player (both: Vienna).

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