Paeonius or Paionios of Ephesus

views updated May 18 2018

Paeonius or Paionios of Ephesus (fl. 350–310 bc). Ancient Greek architect, he was partly responsible (with Demetrius and, possibly, Deinocrates) for the great Temple of Artemis, Ephesus (c.356–236 bc), and, with Daphnis of Miletus, built the Temple of Apollo at Didyma from c.313 bc. Both were huge buildings: the Temple of Artemis employed an elegant Ionic Order, and the temple of Apollo was the only Greek Ionic decastyle temple, but also had engaged Corinthian columns at the entrance to the steps leading to the oracular shrine.


Dinsmoor (1950);
Lampugnani (ed.) (1983)