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Paeonius or Paionios of Ephesus (fl. 350–310 bc). Ancient Greek architect, he was partly responsible (with Demetrius and, possibly, Deinocrates) for the great Temple of Artemis, Ephesus (c.356–236 bc), and, with Daphnis of Miletus, built the Temple of Apollo at Didyma from c.313 bc. Both were huge buildings: the Temple of Artemis employed an elegant Ionic Order, and the temple of Apollo was the only Greek Ionic decastyle temple, but also had engaged Corinthian columns at the entrance to the steps leading to the oracular shrine.


Dinsmoor (1950);
Lampugnani (ed.) (1983)

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Paeonius (pēō´nēəs), Gr. Paionios, fl. 5th cent. BC, Greek sculptor from Mende in Thrace. An inscription on the triangular base of the statue of Nike (Victory) at Olympia states that Paeonius made it. This figure is a contemporary version of the bronze original whose base was found at Delphi. It is so much farther advanced in style and execution than the pediment sculptures for the temple of Zeus, Olympia, that modern authorities doubt the statement of Pausanias attributing those of the eastern end of the pediment to this sculptor. The Nike was dedicated by the Messenians and Naupactians, probably to commemorate the siege of Sphacteria in 424 BC