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The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The Columbia University Press

Williams, William (American painter)

William Williams, c.1710–c.1790, American painter, b. England. He probably led a seafaring life before settling (c.1747) in Philadelphia, where he was Benjamin West's first instructor in painting. He designed the building and in 1759 painted scenery for the first Philadelphia theater. After painting in New York City in 1775, Williams probably returned (c.1780) to England. He died in a Bristol almshouse, leaving a partly autobiographical manuscript, The Journal of Llewellin Penrose; this was published in 1815. His richly colored paintings have a lively naïveté and romantic charm; among those known to be his are portraits of Deborah Hall (Brooklyn Mus., N.Y.) and Benjamin Lay (Historical Society of Pennsylvania).

See study by D. H. Dickason (1970).

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Copyright The Columbia University Press

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The Columbia University Press

Williams, William (American political leader)

William Williams, 1731–1811, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Lebanon, Conn. He served in the French and Indian War and held many public offices before becoming a Connecticut delegate (1776–78, 1783–84) to the Continental Congress.

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