Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Von (Baron)
After Congress accepted Steuben's offer to serve without rank in January 1778, he found the beleaguered Continentals at Valley Forge lacking the skill and knowledge of European regulars. Steuben consequently developed a system of drill that customized European methods to American needs, demonstrated its effectiveness on his personally trained “model company,” and eventually published its principal elements in Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States (1779). By May 1778, he became inspector general, with the rank of major general. Though he also served in the field, Steuben's most significant military contribution remained the greater degree of professionalism he gave to Continental forces.
John M. Palmer , General von Steuben, 1937; repr. 1966.
J. Mark Thompson
"Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Von (Baron)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/steuben-friedrich-wilhelm-von-baron
"Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Von (Baron)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/steuben-friedrich-wilhelm-von-baron
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Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von
Friedrich Wilhelm Steuben, Baron von (styōō´bən, Ger. frē´drĬkh vĬl´hĕlm bärōn´ fən shtoi´bən), 1730–94, Prussian army officer, general in the American Revolution, b. Magdeburg. He served in the Seven Years War and was a general staff officer. In 1762 he became an aide to Frederick the Great. Later, he was court chamberlain for the prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. After leaving the prince's service he met (1777) Benjamin Franklin in Paris and was given letters of introduction to George Washington. Arriving in America, Steuben served with Washington at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778. He undertook the training of the Continental army, molding it into a powerful striking force. Congress made him army inspector general in May, 1778. The effect of Steuben's training was seen at the battle of Monmouth (June, 1778), when American forces who had begun the retreat under orders from Charles Lee rallied against the British on Washington's arrival. Steuben commanded in the trenches at Yorktown. He was later granted a pension by Congress and large tracts of land by various states.
See biographies by J. B. Doyle (1913, repr. 1970) and J. M. Palmer (1937, repr. 1966).
"Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/steuben-friedrich-wilhelm-baron-von
"Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/steuben-friedrich-wilhelm-baron-von