Lord George Murray

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Murray, Lord George (1694–1760). Jacobite general. A younger son of the 1st duke of Atholl, a Whig, but an opponent of the 1707 Union, Lord George returned from France to fight for the Jacobites in the '15 under the leadership of his eldest brother, the marquis of Tullibardine. Escaping to France after failing to secure an indemnity, he returned to Scotland with the Jacobite invasion of 1719. After further exile and service with the Sardinian army, he obtained a pardon and went back to Scotland.

He joined Prince Charles at Perth in August 1745. As lieutenant-general, he was the real Jacobite commander. To him goes the credit for victory at Prestonpans, for the retreat from England in the face of superior cavalry, and for the victories at Clifton and Falkirk. He fought bravely at Culloden, while disapproving of offering battle. He died in the Netherlands.

Bruce Philip Lenman

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Lord George Murray, 1694–1760, Scottish general. He took part in the risings of the Jacobites in 1715, 1719, and 1745. Although he foresaw the hopelessness of the 1745 uprising, he was one of Charles Edward Stuart's ablest commanders in the rebellion, serving him in the victory of Prestonpans and in the retreat from the invasion of England. He opposed the strategy that led to the defeat at Culloden Moor (1746). After the battle, in which he commanded the right wing, he fled to Holland.

See biography by K. Tomasson (1958).