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Brooke, Sir Basil, 1st Lord Brookeborough

Brooke, Sir Basil, 1st Lord Brookeborough (1880–1974). Prime minister of Northern lreland 1943–63 and indelibly associated with the comment ‘a Protestant Parliament and a Protestant State’. Descended from Ulster plantation landowners, Brooke came late to politics after a military career. He was behind the establishment of the Ulster Special Constabulary, minister of agriculture 1933–40, and the most active of Sir James Craig's administration. Minister of commerce 1940–3, his criticism of the ineffective response to wartime emergency led to his assuming premiership. He was an intransigent opponent of any concessions to catholic minority and conservative in economic affairs while premier. During the tumultuous years following his retirement, he was an outdated and all-too-easily ridiculed man.

Michael Hopkinson

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Brookeborough, Basil Stanlake Brooke, 1st Viscount

Basil Stanlake Brooke Brookeborough, 1st Viscount (brŏŏk´bərə), 1888–1973, Northern Irish politician. After serving in the cavalry in World War I he was elected to the Senate of the first Northern Ireland Parliament (1921). He resigned the following year to lead the Ulster special constabulary against the Irish Republican Army's border raids in Fermanagh. Reelected (1929) as a Unionist member of Stormont, he served as minister of agriculture (1933–41), minister of commerce (1941–45), and prime minister (1943–63). A staunch advocate of Protestant dominance in Ulster, he remained opposed to any reconciliation with the Republic of Ireland. Created Viscount Brookeborough in 1952, he continued to sit at Stormont until 1968.

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