hydrocortisone

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hydrocortisone (hī´drəkôr´tĬzōn´), another name for the steroid hormone cortisol, more especially used to refer to preparations of this hormone used medicinally. Hydrocortisone, introduced in 1952, is more potent than cortisone with respect to medicinal metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects. Like cortisone, it is used to treat Addison's disease, inflammatory and rheumatoid diseases, and allergies. Low-potency hydrocortisone, available over the counter, is used to treat skin irritations. See also corticosteroid drug; steroids.

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hy·dro·cor·ti·sone / ˌhīdrəˈkôrtiˌzōn/ • n. Biochem. a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex and used medicinally to treat inflammation resulting from eczema and rheumatism.

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hydrocortisone (hy-droh-kor-tiz-ohn) n. a pharmaceutical preparation of the steroid hormone cortisol. Hydrocortisone is used to treat adrenal failure (Addison's disease), shock, and inflammatory, allergic, and rheumatic conditions (including rheumatoid arthritis, colitis, and eczema). It may be given by mouth, by intramuscular, intravenous, or intra-articular injection, or in the form of a cream, ointment, or eye or ear drops.

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hydrocortisone See cortisol.