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fluorosis

fluorosis A disease that results from the ingestion of fluorine in amounts that substantially exceed bodily requirements. Fluorine is involved in the formation of teeth and bones; in excess, it leads to the thickening of bones, sometimes to such an extent that joints stiffen and the increased weight of the skeleton makes it difficult for the head to be raised, and the softening and staining of teeth. The complaint has been recorded among ruminants grazing near factories (e.g. brick works and aluminium smelters) emitting fluorine salts (fluorides), which are deposited on pasture, where they may stimulate luxuriant growth. Fluorides are highly soluble in water and the pollution of pasture occurs only immediately downwind of the source.

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fluorosis

fluorosis (floo-er-oh-sis) n. the effects of high fluoride intake. When the level of fluoride in the water supply is above 2 parts per million the enamel of teeth becomes mottled. At above 8 parts per million, calcification of ligaments may occur. See also fluoridation.

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fluorosis

fluorosis Damage to teeth (brown mottling of the enamel) and bones caused by an excessive intake of fluoride.

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