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arbovirus Obsolete name for any RNA-containing virus that is transmitted from animals to humans through the bite of mosquitoes and ticks (i.e. arthropods, hence arthropod-borne viruses). They cause various forms of encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and serious fevers, such as dengue and yellow fever.
arbovirus (ar-boh-vy-rŭs) n. one of a group of RNA-containing viruses that are transmitted by arthropods (hence arthropod-borne viruses) and cause diseases resulting in encephalitis or serious fever, such as dengue and yellow fever.
arbovirus A (non-taxonomic) term applied to a virus that can replicate both in vertebrates and in arthropod vectors.
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