glycogenesis The conversion of glucose to glycogen, which is stimulated by insulin from the pancreas. Glycogenesis occurs in skeletal muscles and to a lesser extent in the liver. Glucose that is taken up by cells is phosphorylated to glucose 6-phosphate; this is converted successively to glucose 1-phosphate, uridine diphosphate glucose, and finally to glycogen. See also gluconeogenesis. Compare glycogenolysis.
gly·co·gen·e·sis / ˌglīkəˈjenəsis/ • n. Biochem. the formation of glycogen from sugar.
glycogenesis The synthesis of glycogen from glucose in liver and muscle after a meal, stimulated by the hormone insulin.
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