[usu. as adj.] (syncopated)
displace the beats or accents in (music or a rhythm) so that strong beats become weak and vice versa:
syncopated dance music.
shorten (a word) by dropping sounds or letters in the middle, as in symbology for symbolology, or Gloster for Gloucester.
/ ˌsingkəˈpāshən/ n.
/ -ˌpātər/ n.
Device used by composers in order to vary position of the stress on notes so as to avoid regular rhythm. Syncopation is achieved by accenting a weak instead of a strong beat, by putting rests on strong beats, by holding on over strong beats, and by introducing a sudden change of time-signature. First used at time of ars nova
, and exploited to fullest capabilities by jazz musicians, often in improvisation. Stravinsky, Bartók, etc. also employ syncopation with dramatic effect.
(gram.) contraction of a word by elision of one or more syllables XVI; (mus.) beginning a note on a normally unaccented part of the bar and continuing it into the normally accented part XVI. — medL. syncopātiō
, f. late L. syncopāre
, f. syncopē
; see next, -ATION
•palpate • emancipate
, dissipate, participate
•constipate • cuspate • exculpate
•inculpate • syncopate • extirpate