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Sumer Is Icumen In

Sumer Is Icumen In (sŏŏm´ər Ĭs ēkŏŏm´ən Ĭn) [M.E.,=summer has (literally: is) come in], an English rota or round composed c.1250. It is the earliest extant example of canon, of six part music, and of ground bass. Four tenor voices are in canon and two bass voices sing the pes, or ground, also in canon. The secular text is in Wessex dialect, and in the same manuscript source, from Reading Abbey in England, is a Latin text to adapt the tune for church use. The attribution to the monk John of Fornsete, who kept the records of Reading Abbey, is no longer credited.

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Sumer is Icumen In

Sumer is Icumen In (Old Eng.). Summer is coming in. Eng. comp., dating supposedly from c.1240, sometimes known as the Reading Rota because the MS originated at Reading Abbey. The conjectural author was a monk of Reading, John of Fornsete. An infinite canon at the unison for 4 ten. vv., with 2 basses repeating a ground bass or pes, also in canon at the unison. Can claim to be the earliest extant canon, 6-part comp., example of ground bass, and mus. setting of both sacred (Latin) and secular words.

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