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nocturne

nocturne (nŏk´tûrn) [Fr.,=night piece], in music, romantic instrumental piece, free in form and usually reflective or languid in character. John Field wrote the first nocturnes, influencing Chopin in the writing of his 19 nocturnes for piano. Others who have written nocturnes include Gabriel Fauré and Francis Poulenc for piano, Debussy for orchestra, and by extension Béla Bartók in his night music pieces.

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nocturne

nocturne (Fr., ‘pertaining to night’). A comp. which suggests a nocturnal atmosphere, e.g. Haydn's Notturnos for lira organizzata, Mozart's Serenata Notturna, but more specifically a short pf. piece of romantic character. First to use the title for this genre was John Field, followed by Chopin. An expressive melody in the right hand is accompanied in the left by broken chords.

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Nocturne

Nocturne. Song-cycle for ten., 7 obbl. instr., and str. orch., Op.60, by Britten, comp. 1958. Settings of 8 poems about night by Shelley, Tennyson, Coleridge, Middleton, Wordsworth, Owen, Keats, and Shakespeare. The opening poem is acc. by str. only, each succeeding setting is dominated by an obbl. instr. (bn., harp, hn., timp., cor anglais, and fl. and cl.), and the finale is for the full complement. Ded. to Mahler's widow. F.p. Leeds 1958.

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nocturne

nocturne In music, a quiet piece endeavouring to reflect the atmosphere and mood of night-time. First used by John Field for some of his piano pieces, the title was later used by Chopin. Debussy composed three orchestral nocturnes.

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nocturne

noc·turne / ˈnäkˌtərn/ • n. 1. Mus. a short composition of a romantic or dreamy character suggestive of night, typically for piano. 2. Art a picture of a night scene.

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nocturne

nocturneadjourn, astern, Berne, burn, churn, concern, discern, earn, fern, fohn, kern, learn, Lucerne, quern, Sauternes, spurn, stern, Sterne, tern, terne, Traherne, turn, urn, Verne, yearn •Bayern • Blackburn • heartburn •Hepburn • Raeburn • Swinburne •Gisborne, Lisburn •sideburn • sunburn • Bannockburn •lady-fern • Vättern • extern •cittern, gittern •Comintern • taciturn •nocturn, nocturne •U-turn • upturn

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