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sal·ta·rel·lo / ˌsaltəˈrelō; ˌsôl-/ • n. (pl. -rel·los or -rel·li / -ˈrelē/ ) an energetic Italian or Spanish dance for one couple, characterized by leaps and skips.

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saltarello (modern It. salterello). Lively dance of Sp. and It. provenance in varying metres (6/8, 3/4, 3/8, 6/4), incorporating jumps. In 16th cent. was the after-dance (Nachtanz) to a pavan or passamezzo, the mus. often being indistinguishable from a galliard. Mendelssohn called the finale of his ‘Italian’ Sym. a saltarello.