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parenthesis

pa·ren·the·sis / pəˈren[unvoicedth]əsis/ • n. (pl. -ses / -ˌsēz/ ) a word, clause, or sentence inserted as an explanation or afterthought into a passage that is grammatically complete without it, in writing usually marked off by curved brackets, dashes, or commas. ∎  (usu. parentheses) one or both of a pair of marks ( ) used to include such a word, clause, or sentence. ∎  an interlude or interval: the three months of coalition government were a lamentable political parenthesis. PHRASES: in parenthesis as a digression or afterthought. ORIGIN: mid 16th cent.: via late Latin from Greek, from parentithenai ‘put in beside.’

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PARENTHESIS

PARENTHESIS [Stress: ‘pa-REN-the-sis’. Plural parentheses (‘-seez’)].
1. In GRAMMAR, a qualifying, explanatory, or appositional word, phrase, clause, or sentence that interrupts a construction without otherwise affecting it. A written or printed parenthesis may be marked by pairs of COMMAS, DASHES, or round BRACKETS/parentheses: Our new manager (he has just this minute arrived) would like to meet you. A spoken parenthesis has the same intonation as an aside.

2. In the plural, a name for round brackets: the general term in AmE, but a less common, more technical term in BrE (short form parens). See ACADEMIC USAGE, ASIDE.

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parenthesis

parenthesis qualifying matter introduced into a passage XVI; device used to mark this, e.g. () XVIII. — late L. — Gr. parénthesis, f. parentithénai place in besides; see PARA-1, EN-2, THESIS.
So parenthetic(al) XVII. — medL.

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parenthesis

parenthesis: see punctuation.

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parenthesis

parenthesisglacis, Onassis •abscess •anaphylaxis, axis, praxis, taxis •Chalcis • Jancis • synapsis • catharsis •Frances, Francis •thesis • Alexis • amanuensis •prolepsis, sepsis, syllepsis •basis, oasis, stasis •amniocentesis, anamnesis, ascesis, catechesis, exegesis, mimesis, prosthesis, psychokinesis, telekinesis •ellipsis, paralipsis •Lachesis •analysis, catalysis, dialysis, paralysis, psychoanalysis •electrolysis • nemesis •genesis, parthenogenesis, pathogenesis •diaeresis (US dieresis) • metathesis •parenthesis •photosynthesis, synthesis •hypothesis, prothesis •crisis, Isis •proboscis • synopsis •apotheosis, chlorosis, cirrhosis, diagnosis, halitosis, hypnosis, kenosis, meiosis, metempsychosis, misdiagnosis, mononucleosis, myxomatosis, necrosis, neurosis, osmosis, osteoporosis, prognosis, psittacosis, psychosis, sclerosis, symbiosis, thrombosis, toxoplasmosis, trichinosis, tuberculosis •archdiocese, diocese, elephantiasis, psoriasis •anabasis • apodosis •emphasis, underemphasis •anamorphosis, metamorphosis •periphrasis • entasis • protasis •hypostasis, iconostasis

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