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encaustic

encaustic, painting medium in which the binder for the pigment is wax or wax and resin. Examples of encaustic tomb portraits from Roman Egypt bear witness to the durability of the medium, which is thought to have been widely used in ancient times. Pliny describes the process in which hot liquid colors were applied to the wall by means of heated irons. The technique was briefly revived in the 19th cent. and is now used by a number of contemporary artists.

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encaustic

encaustic.
1. Fixed by heat, with reference to e.g. painting with wax colours and fixing them during firing so that the colours are burnt in.

2. Type of tile decorated with patterns formed with different coloured clay inlaid in the tile made of another colour, then fired, and usually glazed. Encaustic tiles with yellowish patterns on a dark red ground were commonly used in medieval and Gothic Revival churches.

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"encaustic." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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encaustic

encaustic produced by burning in pigments. XVII. — L. encausticus — Gr. egkaustikós, f. egkaíein burn in; see EN-2, CAUSTIC.

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"encaustic." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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