Encarnación, port city of Paraguay on the Paraná River in the department of Itapúa (estimated 2005 population 69,770). Founded in 1615 by Jesuits from the Itapúa mission and a significant center of christianized Guaraní Indians, it is today the capital of the department of Itapúa. For a long time it was the outpost of Paraguayan resistance against expanding Argentine interests in the area of Misiones, but now it is an active center of trade with the nearby Argentine city of Posadas. Its surroundings are actively farmed by the descendants of German, Slavic, and Japanese settlers, who raise cotton, tobacco, yerba maté, and citrus fruit. A university and radio station maintain a high cultural level for the population.
See alsoGuarani Indians .
Tomás L. Micó, Antecedentes históricos de Encarnación de Itapúa (Asunción, 1975).
Schiavoni, Lidia. Pesadas cargas, frágiles pasos: Transacciones comerciales en un mercado de frontera. Asunción: CPES; Misiones: Editorial Universitaria, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, 1993.
Znacovski de Sánchez, Teresa. Los Jesuitas: Investigación bibliográfica. Encarnación: Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad Católica, Sede Regional Itapuá, 2001.
CÉsar N. Caviedes
"Encarnación." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/encarnacion
"Encarnación." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/encarnacion
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.