bench

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bench / bench/ • n. 1. a long seat for several people, typically made of wood or stone. 2. a long, sturdy work table used by a carpenter, mechanic, scientist, or other worker. 3. (the bench) the office of judge or magistrate: his appointment to the civil bench. ∎  a judge's seat in a court. ∎  judges or magistrates collectively: rulings from the bench. 4. (the bench) a seat on which sports coaches and players sit during a game when they are not playing. • v. [tr.] withdraw (a sports player) from play; substitute: the coach benched quarterback Randall Cunningham in favor of Jim McMahon. PHRASES: on the bench 1. appointed as or in the capacity of a judge or magistrate: he retired after twenty-five years on the bench. 2. acting as one of the possible substitutes in a sports contest.

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bench. Pew. A bench-end is therefore the terminal timber facing of a church-pew, frequently decorated with poppy-heads, blind tracery, and the like. A bench-table or bench-table stone is a low projecting course of masonry, its lowest part chamfered, forming a seat against medieval walls in e.g. cloisters.

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bench •Romansh •blanch, Blanche, branch, ranch, tranche •avalanche •backbench, bench, blench, clench, Dench, drench, entrench, French, frontbench, quench, stench, tench, trench, wench, wrench •crossbench • workbench •cinch, clinch, finch, flinch, inch, lynch, Minch, pinch, squinch, winch •chaffinch • greenfinch • hawfinch •goldfinch • bullfinch •carte blanche, conch •graunch, haunch, launch, paunch, raunch, staunch •brunch, bunch, crunch, hunch, lunch, munch, punch, scrunch •honeybunch • keypunch

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Bench the office of a judge or magistrate, from the bench as a judge's seat in a law court (recorded in this sense from Middle English); from this comes the expression raised to the Bench, meaning, elevated to the dignity of a judge. The term Bench and Bar is used for judges and barristers collectively.
bencher in the UK, a senior member of any of the Inns of Court, who form for each Inn a self-elective body, managing its affairs, and traditionally possessed the privilege of ‘calling to the bar’.

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BENCH

A forum of justice comprised of the judge or judges of a court. The seat of the court occupied by the judges.

The bench is used to refer to a group of judges as a collective whole. It is a tribunal or place where justice is administered. To appear before the full bench means to appear before the entire group of judges of the court.

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Bench

officials collectively; judges collectively. See also bank.

Examples: bench of aldermen; of bishops, 1742; of judges, 1592; of magistrates; of organ keys; of dogs [at a dog-show].

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bench OE. benċ = OS., Du., (O)HG. bank, ON. bekkr :- Gmc. *baŋkiz; cf. BANK1.

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bench
1. Horizontal step along which material is worked in an open pit.

2. Any narrow, flat surface in solid rock.