Skip to main content

Mixed Actions


Lawsuits having two purposes: to recover real property and to obtain monetary damages.

Mixed actions take their character from real actions and personal actions. Originally the common-law courts in England concentrated on rights involving the possession of land. The relief granted was an order to give over possession of the real property in dispute. These were the real actions. Only later were forms of action developed to permit a lawsuit for monetary damages in a personal or mixed action. Then the sheriff might be ordered to collect a fine and later damages, out of the loser's profits, which were the rents and income from land, and out of any personal property. Special procedures existed for mixed actions that concerned the sort of relief sought in both real and personal actions.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mixed Actions." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Mixed Actions." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . (April 24, 2019).

"Mixed Actions." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.