One who commands, advises, instigates, or encourages another to commit a crime. A person who, being present, incites another to commit a crime, and thus becomes a principal. To be an abettor, the accused must have instigated or advised the commission of a crime or been present for the purpose of assisting in its commission; he or she must share criminal intent with which the crime was committed.
A person who lends a friend a car for use in a robbery is an abettor even though he or she is not present when the robbery takes place. An abettor is not the chief actor, the principal, in the commission of a crime but must share the principal's criminal intent in order to be prosecuted for the same crime.
"Abettor." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/abettor
"Abettor." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/abettor