The Eleventh Five-Year Plan and the Short- and Mid-Term Development of Shanghai
The Eleventh Five-Year Plan and the Short- and Mid-Term Development of Shanghai
1. Municipal Construction and Management
1.1 Urban Informatization
Shanghai will emphasize the fundamental role of informatization in its development and push forward the process to raise its level of urban information technology. It will continue to enhance the construction of important information infrastructures, improve the service network system, and perfect its function as an information hub. Efforts will be made to strengthen the exploitation and utilization of information, promote information interconnection and intercommunication, and advance the integration of the “three networks.” Electronic commerce will be vigorously developed in order to promote the informatization of community services and administration. E-administration will be pushed forward and the publicity system for government information will be perfected. The construction of an information security system will be accelerated.
1.2 Integrated Communication System
To strengthen Shanghai's international competitiveness, efforts will be made to speed up the construction of world-class infrastructures and advance its administration level. The comprehensive support structure for the city as an international shipping center will be enhanced. Shanghai's airports will be combined to form a pivotal hub with Pudong Airport as the main airport and Hongqiao Airport as the auxiliary, creating an important node in the worldwide airtransport system. Railways linking to other regions will be improved and the pivotal railway layout promoted. The highway network and inland waterway network will also be improved. To strengthen pivotal transport facilities linking to the rest of the world, external transport channels, such as Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel-Bridge project, will be constructed. Following the strategy of giving priority to public transport, Shanghai will establish a public transport system that takes rail transport as its backbone. By 2010, the operating distance of city rail transport will reach 400 kilometers. The development of the railway transport system between the central urban area and suburban districts will be accelerated. The road network construction for the central city areas will be strengthened. The construction of cross-Huangpu-River projects will continue to be pushed forward. The linkage among different transport systems will be strengthened so that a coordinated public passenger service system will be formed. The control policy for the total amount of motor vehicles will be perfected so that transport demands can be effectively managed.
1.3 Supply Security System of Important Resources
In order to guarantee the city's safety, Shanghai will make overall plans to establish a security and safeguard system for its important resources. The construction of a diversified, safe, clean, and effective energy system will be accelerated. A natural gas supply layout with various sources should be established as soon as possible and a natural gas supply safeguard system will be established. The construction of extramural electricity reception channels will be speeded up to improve the city's power supply capability. The supply and reserve capabilities of coal and oil will be improved. A policy supporting mechanism for recyclable resources will be put in place and the utilization of wind, solar, and biological energy will be popularized. The development of a distributed energy supply system will also be pushed forward. The protection and development of water source sites will be strengthened; the construction of new water source sites will be initiated; and the construction of a water source protection and development system will be accelerated. In order to guarantee the basic farming land area, a strict farmland protection system will be implemented in Shanghai and a complete reserve and safeguard system for both urban and rural land will be established. The underground spaces will be well protected, utilized, and exploited. The development, utilization, and protection of resources, such as ocean spaces, islands, and coastal lines, will be enhanced. In addition, great efforts will be made to develop ocean economy and effectively control surface subsidence.
1.4 Modernization of Urban Management
Adhering to the principle of “conducting construction and management side by side with focus on management,” and following the requirements of networked management, Shanghai will strengthen the integrated utilization of various resources and improve its management system of “two-level government, three-level management, and four-level network” so that it can improve its comprehensive management capability. It will also strengthen the coordinated management over economic and social development planning, urban planning, and land utilization planning. It will speed up the reconstruction of the old urban districts. During the reconstruction, the government will take the lead; overall plans will be made, policies will be perfected, and new mechanisms will be created so that the living environment of poor people will be considerably improved.
By 2010, the reconstruction of old urban blocks covering four million square meters will be completed. The oversight over food, medicine, and the catering industry will be tightened to ensure people's health and security. The security management in production and construction will be strengthened to avoid serious accidents. The security management of important areas and important facilities will be improved. A coordinated emergency response system will be established and perfected; the two-level system of municipality and district will be improved; and the disaster prevention and mitigation work will be strengthened. In addition, a city public security management system will be advanced.
2. Regional Interactive Development
2.1 The Coordinated Development between Districts and Counties
Aiming at overall development, Shanghai will specify different functions and development modes for different districts. It will make up policies and carry out classified guidance so that it can speed up the formation of a development pattern with each district playing a different role. Pudong and Nanhui districts are important carriers of Shanghai's functions as an international financial center and an international shipping center. It is necessary to make full use of institutional innovation and extend the effect of opening-up, and to establish these districts as cluster areas for modern services focusing on finance and logistics. The central city area is a place where Shanghai's prosperity and historical cultural characteristics can find full expression. As an international metropolis, the city will make efforts to improve its modern service functions and build Shanghai into an important area with well-rounded development of the service sector.
The suburban areas are the key point for promoting Shanghai's economic strength, therefore, it is necessary to plan the development of the urban and rural areas as a whole so that Shanghai can establish modern agriculture bases, advanced manufacturing highlands, and new-type cities and towns.
The Chongming three-island district will be an important strategic space for Shanghai's sustainable development. Chongming will be built into a modern ecological island with an attractive environment where its resources are intensively utilized and its economy and society develop in harmony. It will follow the principle of “upgrading, congregation, and complementary distribution” in allocating its population, industries, infrastructure, and resources. The functional positioning of the district and its counties will gradually be perfected by relying on the colleges, institutes, and large corporations based there.
2.2 Coordinated Development between Shanghai and the Yangtze River Delta
Following the national development program concerning the Yangtze River Delta Area, Shanghai will strengthen all aspects of cooperation with Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. It will speed up the improvement of the comprehensive transport system connecting the cities in the Yangtze River Delta Area. It will strengthen the regional ecological environment protection and enhance the integration of eco-environment development across the region. Greater efforts will be made to strengthen the creation of a unified credibility system and set up a joint mechanism for protecting the intellectual property. It will strengthen its exchange and cooperation with the Yangtze River Delta Area in science and education, culture, and human resources, and jointly push forward the development of modern service industries, such as logistics and tourism.
2.3 Interactive Development between Shanghai and the Central and Western Parts of China
In light of the national arrangements, Shanghai will offer assistance to Tibet, Xiangjiang, Yunnan, and the Three Gorges reservoir area. It will strengthen the economic cooperation and human resources cooperation with these areas and support the development of their social undertakings. Shanghai will also take an active part in the development of western China and the rejuvenation of northeastern China, while at the same time strengthening its cooperation with the central part of China. Riding on the effort to build an international shipping center, Shanghai will take the initiative to participate in the construction of a golden shipping route in the Yangtze River, which will then promote the development of areas along the river and perfect the regional cooperation mechanism.