Vélez, Lupe (1908–1944)
Vélez, Lupe (1908–1944)
Known as "The Mexican Spitfire" and the "Hot Baby of Hollywood," actress Lupe Vélez came to represent an exotic and generic image of Latin American femininity in Hollywood cinema. Born Maria Guadalupe Villalobos Vélez on 18 July 1908, in the city of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, her first feature-length film was The Gaucho (1927) with Douglas Fairbanks. This performance led to a series of costarring roles throughout the 1930s. Her brief love affair with Gary Cooper and five-year marriage to Johnny "Tarzan" Weissmuller were highly publicized in the media, and served to reinforce her tempestuous on-screen image.
Although Vélez started her career as a Latin American temptress, she found her niche in comedy with Hot Pepper (1933) and the series of eight Mexican Spitfire films (1939–1943). By 1943 her Hollywood career was waning. She starred in the Mexican production Nana that year, but it was not the success she had hoped it would be. On 13 December 1944, at the age of thirty-six and five months pregnant, Vélez committed suicide by taking an overdose of sleeping pills at her home in Beverly Hills, California.
See alsoCinema: From the Silent Film to 1990 .
Agrasánchez, Rogelio, Jr. Beauties of Mexican Cinema/Bellezas del cine mexicano. Harlingen, TX: Agrasánchez Film Archive, 2001.
Ramírez, Gabriel. Lupe Vélez, la mexicana que escupía fuego. Mexico City: Cineteca Nacional, 1986.
Vázquez Corona, Moisés. Lupe Vélez, a medio siglo de ausencia. Mexico City: EDAMEX, 1996.
"Vélez, Lupe (1908–1944)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/velez-lupe-1908-1944
"Vélez, Lupe (1908–1944)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/velez-lupe-1908-1944
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.