Varela, Florencio (1807–1848)
Varela, Florencio (1807–1848)
Florencio Varela (b. 23 February 1807; d. 20 March 1848), Argentine poet and patriot. Brother of the famous neoclassical, civic poet, Juan Cruz Varela, Florencio wrote his first verses at the age of fifteen in celebration of the decisive battle of Ayacucho during the Wars of Independence. Varela studied law at the University of Buenos Aires, graduating in 1827. Following the Argentine revolution of 1828, he fled to Montevideo. In 1830, he published El día de Mayo (May Day), a volume containing five poems dedicated to the Uruguayan people. In exile, Varela became a leader of the Unitarian cause against the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas. Newspapers supporting Rosas recognized the ardor of Varela's attack, calling him a "savage Unitarian, traitor, and vile slanderer."
In 1841–1842, Varela lived in Río de Janeiro, where he wrote several articles for the Jornal do Comercio defending Uruguay against accusations that it had usurped territory from Brazil. While in Río, Varela became friends with Bernardino Rivadavia, who furnished Varela with documentary material for a book he was preparing on Argentine history. In 1843, the Uruguayan government sent Varela on an official mission to France and England.
Tireless in his efforts to overthrow Rosas and use the press as a vehicle for shaping public opinion, Varela founded in October 1845 the Comercio del Plata, in whose columns he undermined the political and military structure keeping Rosas in power. Varela was also cofounder of a publishing house that brought out works in Spanish translation as well as books by Hispanic-American writers.
Rafael Alberto Arrieta, Historia de la literatura Argentina, vol. 2 (1958), pp. 149-154, and vol. 6 (1960), pp. 31-32.
Leoncio Gianello, Florencio Varela (1948).
Juan Antonio Solari, Florencio Varela, el decano de los jóvenes (1948).
Lynch, John. Argentine Caudillo: Juan Manuel de Rosas. Wilmington, DE: SR Books, 2001.
Palermo, Pablo Emilio. "Florencio Varela: Vida y muerte de un argentino en el exilio." Todo Es Historia 441 (April 2004): 6-19.
Myron I. Lichtblau
"Varela, Florencio (1807–1848)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/varela-florencio-1807-1848
"Varela, Florencio (1807–1848)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/varela-florencio-1807-1848
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.