Skip to main content

Republiquetas

Republiquetas

Republiquetas, partisan enclaves that were formed during the Bolivian War of Independence. The War of Independence in Bolivia (Upper Peru) lasted from 1809 to 1825. Loyalist forces prevailed most of the time; until 1816 the anti-Spanish cause was kept alive mainly in the countryside by partisan forces. Some guerrilla leaders became local caudillos, organizing republiquetas (small republics). Of the six that can be clearly identified, five were named after their leaders: Juan Antonio Alvarez de Arenales, Vicente Carmargo, Ildefonso de las Muñecas (a priest), Manuel Ascencio Padilla, and Ignacio Warnes. The other republiqueta, Ayopaya, was the most enduring, and its leader, José Miguel Lanza, survived and later assumed leadership in the Bolivian army until his death in 1828. Arenales also lived to see independence, eventually becoming governor of Salta, in Argentina. The guerrilla Padilla shared power and combat with his wife, Juana Azurduy, who is a legendary heroine in Bolivia.

Besides the six major republiquetas, others existed intermittently with equally daring but less well-known leaders. The republiquetas lacked coordination and a definite purpose. They did, however, have a common goal—opposition to Spanish rule. Only in 1824 did the concept of an independent Upper Peru (Bolivia) take root with the urban elite, who until then had supported the status quo.

See alsoCaudillismo, Caudillo; Wars of Independence, South America.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Julio Díaz Arguedas, Los generales de Bolivia (1929).

Additional Bibliography

Acosta Rentería, Hilarión. La evolución de Bolivia: Chuquisaca insurgente 25 de Mayo 1809. Sucre, Bolivia: Cotes, 2006.

Gandarilla Guardia, Niño. Libertadores cruceños. Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia: Comité Pro Santa Cruz, 2003.

Ríos de Reyes, Evelyn. Antecedentes de la revolución del 16 de Junio de 1809 en La Paz. La Paz, Bolivia: Plural Editores, 2002.

                                          Charles W. Arnade

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Republiquetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Republiquetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/republiquetas

"Republiquetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/republiquetas

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.