Pinto Santa Cruz, Aníbal (1919–1996)

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Pinto Santa Cruz, Aníbal (1919–1996)

The Chilean economist and journalist Aníbal Pinto Santa Cruz was among the early economists who studied and wrote about underdevelopment in Latin America. The great-grandson of a Chilean president with the same name, he studied law at the University of Chile and economics at the London School of Economics. While in Europe he married the ballerina María Luisa Solari. Upon his return to Chile he founded the journal Panorama Económico (which he directed from 1948 to 1956) and taught finance and economics at the Universidad de Chile. In 1960 he joined the United Nations' Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) as director of its Rio de Janeiro branch, serving in that post until 1965. He returned to Chile as the director of CEPAL's economic development division (1970–1979), and subsequently directed the Revista de la CEPAL from 1987 until his death in 1996. Although on the Left, he remained critical of the most extreme proponents of dependency theory and put forth a less deterministic view of underdevelopment that allowed for the possibility that underdeveloped countries could follow in the path of industrialized nations. He published widely on Latin American economic development and was awarded various national and international prizes. He died on January 3, 1996.

See alsoChile: The Twentieth Century; Journalism.


Bernal Sahagún, Víctor M. Pensamiento latinoamericano: CEPAL, R. Prebisch y A. Pinto. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Seminario de Teoría del Desarrollo, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, 1980.

Pinto, Aníbal. La internacionalización de la economía mundial: Una visión latinoamericana. Madrid: Ediciones Cultura Hispánica del Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana, 1980.

                                    IÑigo Garcia-Bryce