O, Genovevo de la (1876–1952)

views updated

O, Genovevo de la (1876–1952)

Genovevo de la O (b. 3 January 1876; d. 12 June 1952), Mexican revolutionary. The leader, in 1910, of an autonomous rebellion in the northwestern corner of the state of Morelos, de la O joined the movement of Emiliano Zapata shortly after the promulgation of the Plan of Ayala in 1911. He soon became one of Zapata's fiercest fighters and most important generals. Because he frequently struck north to the mountainous fringes of Mexico City, de la O was one of the Zapatistas most feared in the capital. In particular, he developed a reputation as a destroyer of trains. After the revolution he pursued a more conventional military career before retiring to his farm in 1941.

See alsoPlan of Ayala; Zapata, Emiliano.


John Womack, Zapata and the Mexican Revolution (1968).

Salvador Rueda, "La zona armada de Genovevo de la O," in Cuicuilco 2, no. 3 (1981): 38-43.

Samuel Brunk, Revolution and Betrayal in Mexico: A Life of Emiliano Zapata (1995).

Additional Bibliography

Avila Espinosa, Felipe Arturo. Los orígenes del zapatismo. México: El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Históricos, 2001.

Hart, Paul. Bitter Harvest: The Social Transformation of Morelos, Mexico, and the Origins of the Zapatista Revolution, 1840–1910. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2005.

                                         Samuel Brunk