In its heyday, the National Club was an exclusive private institution in Lima where members of the wealthiest and most influential families of coastal Peru met socially. Membership in the club was a business and political asset. Founded in the late nineteenth century, the club achieved its highest position of prestige during the sugar and cotton export booms (1890–1929). The club has been considered by social scientists as a main link among the so-called Peruvian "aristocratic" oligarchy, especially during the military regime's (1968–1980) attack on agroexport interests that temporarily closed down the club in 1969.
François Bourricaud, Power and Society in Contemporary Peru (1970).
Dennis Gilbert, "The Oligarchy and the Old Regime in Peru" (Ph.D. diss., Cornell University, 1977); translated as La oligarquía peruana: Historia de tres familias (1982).
Castro Contreras, Jaime. Violencia política y subversión en el Perú, 1924–1965. Lima: s.n., 1992.
Huiza, José Luis and José Valdizán Ayala. Historia del Perú republicano. Lima: Universidad de Lima, Fondo de Desarrollo Editorial, 1997.
Alfonso W. Quiroz