Mexico City Conference (1945)

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Mexico City Conference (1945)

The Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace was held in Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City, from 21 February to 8 March 1945. The conference, which was attended by the U.S. secretary of state and the foreign secretaries of all the Latin American countries except El Salvador and Argentina, established a number of the important principles that shaped inter-American relations in the post-World War II era. Among the most significant was a pronouncement, known as the Act of Chapultepec, by which the governments agreed that any attack by any state against the integrity, sovereignty, territory, or political independence of an American state would be considered an act of aggression against all the other signatories of the declaration.


Josefina Zoraida Vázquez and Lorenzo Meyer, The United States and Mexico (1985).

Additional Bibliography

Leonard, Thomas, and John F. Bratzel. Latin America during World War II. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Sheinin, David. Beyond the Ideal: Pan Americanism in Inter-American Affairs. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Vázquez García, Humberto. De Chapultepec a la OEA: Apogeo y crisis del panamericanismo. La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 2001.

                                  Roderic Ai Camp

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Mexico City Conference (1945)

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