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Luna Pizarro, Francisco Javier De (1780–1855)

Luna Pizarro, Francisco Javier De (1780–1855)

Francisco Javier De Luna Pizarro (b. 1780; d. 9 February 1855), Peruvian Roman Catholic priest. Born in Arequipa, in his youth he admired liberal ideas and found politics as practiced in the United States to be worthy of emulation. After the protectorate of José de San Martín ended in 1822, Luna Pizarro organized the liberal leadership in the national congress that formulated the constitutions of Peru from 1823 through 1834. This leadership favored free trade, administrative decentralization, a carefully restricted electorate, establishment of Roman Catholicism as the religion protected by the state, and the prohibition of all other views. Churchmen and the military retained the special privileges awarded them in the colonial era. Luna Pizarro later abandoned his support of the government's right to protect the church and appoint its priests. Regaining the favor of Rome, he then became a conservative archbishop of Lima (1845–1855).

See alsoPeru: Constitutions .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Jeffrey L. Klaiber, Religion and Revolution in Peru, 1824–1976 (1977).

The Catholic Church in Peru, 1821–1985: A Social History (1992), esp. pp. 38-58.

Additional Bibliography

Villanueva, Carmen. Francisco Javier de Luna Pizarro. Lima: Editorial Brasa, 1995.

                                       Vincent Peloso

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