Skip to main content

López, José Hilario (1798–1869)

López, José Hilario (1798–1869)

José Hilario López (b. 18 February 1798; d. 27 November 1869), president of Colombia (1849–1853). Born in Popayán, López joined the patriots in 1814 and was imprisoned by the royalists from 1816 to 1819. Freed, he fought in Venezuela and in southern Colombia, becoming a colonel in 1826. He rejected Simon Bolívar's dictatorship, and at the Ocaña Convention in 1828 he remained antidictator. Later that year, López and Colonel José María Obando defeated Bolívar's surrogate, Colonel Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, and won control of Cauca. In 1830 López was promoted to general, and with Obando he raised an army that ousted General Rafael Urdaneta in May 1831. López served in key gubernatorial posts from 1833 to 1837 and was the Colombian chargé d'affaires to the Vatican (1839–1840).

López did not join Obando in the War of the Supremes (1839–1842). Having married into the Neiva elite, he devoted himself to managing his estates until he was elected president. As chief executive, he carried out a liberal agenda. Education was made more secular, the clergy put on salary, the Jesuits expelled, tithe collection secularized, the ecclesiastical fuero abolished, clerical posts made elective, and Archbishop Manuel José Mosquera exiled. Also, slavery was abolished and legislation aimed at improving the status of women was enacted. López fought against the Melo Revolt (1854). He joined the Liberal Revolution (1860–1862) late, but contributed to its victory. He participated in the Rionegro Convention (1863).

See alsoObando, José María.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abel Cruz Santos, General José Hilario López, 1869-noviembre 27–1969 (1969) and José Hilario López, o el soldado civil (1970).

Juan Pablo Llinas, José Hilario López (1983). See also López's Memorias del general José Hilario López (1857), which covers 1814 to 1839.

Additional Bibliography

Gutiérrez Jaramillo, Camilo. José Hilario López: Un hombre de su siglo. Bogotá: C. Gutiérrez Jaramillo, 1997.

                                       J. LeÓn Helguera

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"López, José Hilario (1798–1869)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"López, José Hilario (1798–1869)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lopez-jose-hilario-1798-1869

"López, José Hilario (1798–1869)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lopez-jose-hilario-1798-1869

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.